Harvard University U.S.A

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Harvard University

History

You will happy to know that Harvard is a private and oldest higher educational institute in Massachusetts, U.S, established in 1636. Initially called “New College” Its motto in English is truth and its President is Drew Gilpin Faust. Due to its influence, brilliant history and fabulous wealth it is the most honorable and dignified and distinguished university in the world.

The institution was renamed Harvard College in March 1639. Its first benefactor was John Harvard and the university is named after him. After 2nd World War James Bryant Conant reformed it and liberalize the admissions. In 1977 the college merged with Radcliffe College.

In 2007 Drew Gilpin Faust was elected as 28th president of university. She was the first woman to manage the university. The university consists of 11 separate units,   10 faculties and the 11th is Radcliffe Institute for Advance studies. Its campuses are running throughout the Boston.

Philosophy

The library records show that the writings of Plato and his early modern and Romantic followers were almost as regularly read during the 19th century as those of the ‘official philosophy’ of the more empirical and more deistic Scottish school.

Charles W. Eliot, president 1869–1909, eliminated the favored position of Christianity from the curriculum while opening it to student self-direction.

During 20th century

During the 20th century, Harvard’s international reputation grew and eminent   professors expanded the university’s scope. Explosive growth in the student population continued with the addition of new graduate schools. Radcliffe College, established in 1879 as sister school of Harvard College, became one of the most prominent schools for women in the United States.

Social justice

James Bryant Conant (president, 1933–1953) saw higher education as a vehicle of opportunity for the talented rather than an entitlement for the wealthy, so Conant devised programs to identify, recruit, and support talented youth. In 1943, he asked the faculty make a definitive statement about what general education ought to be, at the secondary and the college level. The resulting Report, published in 1945, was one of the most powerful manifestos in the history of American education.

In 1945–1960 admissions policies were opened up to bring in students from different corners. The undergraduate college was now open to striving middle class students from public schools; many more Jews and Catholics were admitted, but the number of   blacks or Asians were less.

Proportion of women

The merger of Harvard and Radcliffe admissions in 1977, the proportion of female undergraduates steadily increased, showing a trend throughout higher education in the United States. Harvard’s graduate schools, which had accepted females and other groups in greater numbers. In 1999, Radcliffe College, founded in 1879 as the “Harvard Annex for Women.”

Structure of organization

Harvard is governed by two boards, one of which is the President and Fellows of Harvard College, founded in 1650, and the other is the Harvard Board for Overseers. The President of Harvard University is the day-to-day administrator of Harvard and is appointed by the Harvard Corporation.

Contributions

Harvard has the largest university contributions in the world. At the end of June 2009, it was worth $25.7 billion, about 30% less than at the same time in 2008 Facilities after expansion.

Apart from its major campuses, Harvard owns and operates Arnold Arboretum, in the Jamaica Plain area of Boston; the Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, in Washington, D.C, The Harvard Forest in Massachusetts, the research center in Florence and the Harvard Shanghai Center in China.

Ranking

Harvard’s undergraduate program is ranked first among “National Universities” by U.S. News & World Report and 8th by Forbes. Harvard is ranked first by the Academic Ranking of World Universities. Harvard was ranked first in North America. Harvard is the best overall university in the world.

Libraries

The Harvard University Library System is centered in Widener Library in Harvard Yard and comprises over 80 individual libraries and over 15 million volumes. According to the American Library Association, this makes it the largest academic library in the United States, and the third largest library in the country.

Activities of students

In 1873 the Harvard Crimson founded and described itself as “the nation’s oldest continuously published daily college newspaper”; it counts among its many editors numerous Pulitzer Prize winners and two U.S. Presidents, John F. Kennedy and Franklin D. Roosevelt.

The Harvard Lampoon is an undergraduate humor organization and publication. It has a long-standing rivalry with The Crimson and counts among its former members Robert Benchley, John Updike, George Plimpton, Steve O’Donnell,

In 1844 the Hasty Pudding Theatricals was   founded. It is a theatrical society known for its interesting musicals and annual “Man of the Year” and “Woman of the Year” ceremonies; past members include Alan Jay Lerner, Jack Lemmon, and John Lithgow.    In 1866 the Harvard started a college literary magazine. Now it is the nations’ oldest magazine. Its past members include Theodore Roosevelt and T. S. Eliot.

It is highly interesting that Harvard has won several intercollegiate national chess championships, with alumni including International Grandmaster and two-time United States Champion Patrick Wolff.

Athletics

Harvard’s athletic rivalry with Yale is intense in every sport in which they meet, coming to a climax each fall in their annual football meeting, which dates back to 1875 and is usually called simply “The Game”. While Harvard’s football team is no longer one of the countries best as it often was a century ago during football’s early days. The Malkin Athletic Center, serves both as the university’s primary recreation facility and as a satellite location for several varsity sports. The five story building includes two cardio rooms, an Olympic-size swimming pool, an indoor cycling studio and a three-court gym floor to play basketball and table tennis.

Distinguished people

Eight U.S. Presidents have graduated from Harvard. Since 1964 to 2009, a total of 38 faculty and staff members affiliated with Harvard or its teaching hospitals were awarded Nobel Prizes.

The best-known people who have attended Harvard University are American political leaders John Hancock, John Adams, John Quincy Adams, Rutherford B. Hayes, Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, Al Gore, George W. Bush and Barack Obama; Canadian Governor General David Lloyd Johnston, Canadian Prime Ministers Mackenzie King. Businessman & philanthropist Aga Khan IV; businessman & philanthropist Bill Gates.

Since 1947, 75 Nobel Prize winners are affiliated with the university. 19 Nobel Prize winners and 15 winners of the American literary award, the Pulitzer Prize, have served on the Harvard faculty in fiction and popular culture.

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